Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums which usually results as an inflammatory response to the film of bacteria on the teeth known as plaque. It can also be caused by certain systemic problems, viral, fungal, or bacterial infections, or by certain medications. Symptoms include:
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding Gums
- Bleeding that occurs during or after brushing or flossing
- Red or purplish gums or gums that look irritated
- Gums that are painful or tender to touch
- Halitosis (bath breath)
- Loose teeth
- It hurts when you chew
Treatments including thorough cleaning, diligent home-hygiene and flossing, or possibly use of anti-microbial agents which are used to treat gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will turn into periodontitis. When caught and treated early, gingivitis is reversible, but it’s important to treat it promptly before the problem turns into a more long-term periodontal condition involving chronic infection, bone loss, or loss of teeth. Diligent follow up care including home hygiene and routine dental cleanings is essential.
To prevent gingivitis, practice daily flossing, gentle thorough brushing with the proper 45-degree angle at the gum line twice per day for two minutes, and get regular dental cleanings and check-ups. Mall of Georgia Dentistry is committed to helping you keep you teeth healthy, so if you have any of the above symptoms, or just haven’t had a cleaning in a while, give us a call!