Mall of Georgia Dentistry's Blog

"Making you smile from the inside out"

Common Dental X-rays and Why They Are Needed March 29, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 6:35 pm

There are different types of dental X-rays, and the type of X-ray needed will depend on the situation. Some are diagnostic, some are routine, and some are only required under certain circumstances. Read on to get an overview of the main different types X-rays we might take at our office and to get an idea of what purpose certain types of X-rays are typically going to serve in your dental health.

Bite-wing X-rays. These are the most common type of dental X-ray, taken as part of a routine visit, usually once or twice per year depending on individual needs and other factors. Bite-wing images help show the inner sides of back molar teeth – molars have large side surfaces, and those surfaces that are next to each other are not possible to see without X-rays. So with bite-wing X-rays you get a look inbetween all those back teeth to detect any possible decay that is not visible to the eye or with probing or other testing methods. These X-rays can also help detect loss of bone density due to periodontal disease. Bite-wing X-rays usually do not show the entire tooth root though.

Periapical X-ray. This is an X-ray focused on a full, whole tooth from the bone surrounding the root tip to the crown. This is the type of X-ray that is commonly required in the presence of a toothache in order to detect the cause… decay, abscess, fracture, problems with root structure, or other conditions that need immediate diagnosis.

Full mouth X-rays. The full mouth X-ray series is a set of multiple X-ray images covering the entire mouth, including every tooth and all the front teeth and back teeth, two teeth per image. This series can be a good diagnostic and preventive tool to check the entire mouth for things like cavities, bone loss or periodontal conditions, and inspect inner dental structures periodically.

Panoramic X-ray. A panoramic X-ray shows the entire mouth, both jaws and all the teeth, on a single X-ray image. This type of X-ray is useful for detecting the position of all teeth as well as emerging, un-erupted, and impacted teeth. Panoramic X-rays have a high importance for facilitating orthodontic treatment, for example.

These common X-rays are frequently taken at Mall Of Georgia Dentistry and they can all help support your smile. This is not a comprehensive list of all the different types of dental x-rays there are, there are other types not included in this overview.  Various dental X-rays can help improve your dental and oral health in many ways, from finding cavities while they are still small, to diagnosing an infection, to facilitating orthodontic treatment. Dental x-rays are great tools to help you keep a bright healthy smile!

 

Teeth Brushing 101 March 15, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 4:43 pm

Brushing your teeth is so routine that some people may take it for granted that there is a right way and a wrong way to get the most out of your daily brushings. Here are a few basic things to remember:

2 minutes. Brush for two minutes and continually move the brush around the entire inner and outer arch of the upper and lower teeth, being sure that back and front of all teeth are attended to. Most electric toothbrushes are set to run a 2-minute cycle.

Focus on the gum line. As you move your brush around, don’t just brush the teeth alone but you should also brush the gums, so focus along the gum line. The gum line is where most of the food debris and plaque deposits will collect anyway, and it can be like a little massage for the gums, keeping the gums clean and healthy supports the overall health of your teeth. The gums are important!

45-degree angle. Brushing at a 45-degree angle aims the bristles of the bush for optimum cleaning between the teeth and under the gums as you focus along the gumline and go around the teeth. So angle the brush upward 45 degrees on the upper arch and downward 45 degrees on the lower arch.

Opt for Soft. Soft bristled brushes are just a effective at cleaning the teeth and removing plaque as hard or medium, and unlike hard or medium, soft or extra soft brushes are gentle on those oh-so-important gums. Using a soft touch is also important. Too-hard brushing can damage the gums and cause gingival recession.

2 times per day. Brushing twice daily keeps the bacteria in the mouth in check.  In the morning and before bed are generally the ideal times to brush. Some patients may be reccommended a different frequency, but 2 times is generally the best. Brushing too often may be hard on the enamel and gums.

Many people may have learned to brush a certain way at a very young age and could have developed improper or sub-par brushing techniques that have been ingrained into habit over many years.  An occasional review of the best techniques currently recognized in dentistry can also be a helpful reminder to review your own brushing routine and make sure it’s as good as it could be, and to help teach children learning to brush on their own.  At Mall of Georgia Dentistry, we believe there is no question that good brushing and flossing are the foundation of great oral health!

 

Are baby teeth really important? February 26, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 1:01 pm

Baby teeth… they’re meant to be temporary, destined to be replaced by their bigger and bolder successors… so is it really so important to keep them in great shape? The answer, you may have guessed, is YES! And here are a few reasons why:

Baby teeth are placeholders for adult teeth. Keeping them in place until the permanent teeth are ready to grow in (or until an orthodontist recommends they come out) is a wise way to prevent malocclusion as adult teeth erupt. Malocclusion can make teeth more difficult to clean, and poorly cleaned teeth can increase the chances of dental caries (cavities). Also, if adult teeth erupt improperly it can require years of costly orthodontic treatment to correct.

It sets the foundation for your child to take great care of their teeth later in life. Proper, thorough brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and regular check-ups are the foundation of healthy teeth. Avoiding too may sugary or acidic drinks and foods can also help maintain tooth health. Childhood habits such as these can endure into adulthood, so all these habits should be started early!

They are important to your child’s nutrition. Children who are able to chew food well may be better able to get optimum nutrition for their growing bodies. Well-chewed food can also reduce chances of choking on food while eating.

They play a role in your child’s ability to communicate. Teeth are important to many of the sounds of speech and for proper pronunciation and communication. As children are still learning spoken language, a normal configuration of baby teeth can facilitate proper formation of sounds, making them more easily understood by others.

Some baby teeth have no successor and never fall out! Sometimes the body simply doesn’t form an adult tooth as it should… and sometimes these baby teeth that are retained into adulthood and can be made to function and look like an adult tooth in some cases. In many cases, though, they need to be extracted and replaced with an entirely prosthetic tooth- a baby tooth with restorations or decay is more likely to require that.

So there are a few reasons why taking great care of baby teeth is a great idea. If baby teeth are knocked out by injury or extracted due to decay, there is the potential for all kinds of complications ranging from aesthetic to functional. And creating a strong foundation of excellent oral hygiene is a preventive measure that can mean helping to save your child the hassle, distress, and financial burden of major dental restorations as an adult.

At Mall of Georgia Dentistry, we think baby teeth are awesome and deserve respect, so let us know if you have concerns about you child’s teeth and we’ll jump at the chance to help you keep your little one’s little pearly whites just right! Happy National Children’s Dental Health Month! :)

 

Things to Consider During American Heart Month February 15, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 5:32 pm

Oral health and overall health have many established links and research is constantly uncovering new relationships between body parts and health conditions among the connectedness of the body as whole. A consensus review over 100 studies determined there seems to be a relationship between heart heath and oral health. Here are a few of the findings:

  • Gum disease by itself appears to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
  • Gum diseases is an inflammatory condition, and the bio-markers of inflammation are a major indicator of heart attack risk.
  • A link was found between clogged arteries in the legs and gum disease.
  • Though gum disease itself hasn’t been directly linked to stroke, gum disease is an important risk factor for diseases of the vessels and arteries that are responsible for the blood supply the brain, which is a risk factor for stroke.
  • The same bacteria found in gum disease are found in blood vessels that are going through atherosclerosis (hardening).

Although the official word on the subject is still “inconclusive”, since no studies have definitively proven that gingivitis,  periodontitis, or poor gum health actually causes diseases of the heart and vascular system, the links are alarming and worthy of consideration. So be diligent with your oral hygiene routine : brush twice per day and floss daily, and get regular cleanings and checkups.
Let us know if we at Mall of Georgia Dentistry can help you with any aspect of maintaining a healthy smile. We carry a variety of products designed to help make taking great care of your teeth and gums as efficient as possible. Electric toothbrushes and flossers, for example, are great modern conveniences that can help make having an ideal oral hygiene routine a breeze. If having great oral health isn’t a reward enough by itself, consider that your whole body might benefit!

 

Medication and Your Mouth February 1, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 10:03 pm

Medications, both over-the-counter and prescription, come with side effects… and unfortunately, some of them can have an adverse effect on your mouth. Medications that cause dry mouth can make you more vulnerable to oral health problems.

Dry mouth means a lack of adequate amounts of saliva in the mouth. Without enough saliva, the environment of the mouth is not able to cope as well with everyday things. Saliva acts as part of the defense mechanism against gingivitis, tooth decay, and infections. Saliva bathes your mouth in a protective solution containing calcium ions, and saliva helps teeth to remineralize after being weakened by a little acid exposure. It helps wash away food that is stuck to the teeth, and can help keep plaque from quickly building up to levels that can cause gingivitis.

Hundreds of medications can cause dryness of the mouth. Some categories of medications known to have this side effect include antidepressants, allergy & asthma medication, anti-anxiety drugs, blood pressure medication, antacids, & more…. including some vitamin supplements. If you feel you that you are experiencing dry mouth, talk to your pharmacist or doctor, or ask your doctor to prescribe a different medicate that does not cause dry mouth as a side effect.
If a change in medication is not advisable a few things can help you cope with dry mouth.   Avoid using toothpastes that contain sodium lauryl sulphate and mouth rinses that contain alcohol. Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep the mouth hydrated. Reduce your caffeine intake since caffeine can aggravate dry mouth. Breathe through the nose, not mouth – air flowing in and out of your mouth will dry up saliva. Keep up with your brushing and flossing routine impeccably and get regular cleanings and check ups. Some patients can benefit from wearing custom made trays at night filled with special remineralizing products, or special prescription mouthwashes.
If you are dealing with dry mouth, please feel free to talk to our office. Dr Vancil and the Mall of Georgia dentistry team will be glad to make suggestion of things that might help keep you smiling.

 

Researchers link rheumatoid arthritis and oral health January 23, 2015

Filed under: Dental health — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 10:19 am

Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis and the cause of much pain and many other problems.

In rheumatoid arthritis, the synovium thickens, swells, and produces chemical substances that attack and destroy the articular cartilage covering the bone. Rheumatoid arthritis often involves the same joint on both sides of the body, so both hips may be affected.

The end result may be joint replacement surgery.

Now researchers are closing in on the causes of this inflammatory form of arthritis.  One of them is your oral health:

Researchers are getting closer to understanding the underlying factors that connect rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease, according to an article published in Current Oral Health Reports.

In the article, entitled “Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontal Disease: A Rheumatologist’s Perspective,” researchers discussed recent findings surrounding the connection between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease, including the hypothesis that there is a direct, potentially causal association between the two diseases.

The relationship between gum disease and rheumatoid arthritis has long been discussed as potentially etiological and causal, as the two conditions share common risk factors and immunological processes.

  • Both are characterized by inflammatory markers, including Il-1, Il-6, TNFα
  • Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to have periodontal disease, and vice versa.
  • “Patients with active RA demonstrate significantly increased frequency and severity of periodontal diseases as well as tooth and alveolar bone loss.”
  • Bacteria from the mouth are able to translocate to the knee and have been found in patients with RA.

The point, of course, is you can have a direct effect on preventing at least this possibility by establishing and maintaining good oral health throughout your lifetime.  Brushing twice a day, flossing once a day and regular dental checkups and cleanings should keep you on the path of good oral health and help avoid diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Mall of Georgia Dentistry

 

Tips to Keep Teeth Whiter January 18, 2015

Filed under: Uncategorized — Mall of Georgia Dentistry @ 4:40 pm

Whitening treatments may not have a lasting effect if you often expose your teeth to foods and beverages that can stain them. Avoiding the re-staining your teeth may help you maintain the results of your whitening treatment longer and reduce the need for another whitening treatment or touch-up. Here are some tips to help keep those pearly whites bright:

•    Avoid or minimize foods and beverages that stain your teeth. Big offenders are coffee, tea, red wine, and dark soda. But, honestly, most intensely or darkly colored foods and beverages can stain teeth… mustard, tomato sauce, curry, berries, soy sauce… it’s a long list and it would be difficult (and most likely undesirable) to avoid them all, all of the time. But trying not to over-do-it can help reduce re-staining.
•    Use a straw. When you consume beverages that stain, using a straw can help liquid bypass your front teeth, preventing contact with them and not resulting in stains.
•    Drink water after consuming stain-causing beverages or foods. Rinsing with water can minimize the amount of time stain-causing substances are in contact with the teeth.
•    Brush, floss, and get regular cleanings. Following good oral hygiene practices should be a no-brainer. Brush at least twice daily and floss at least once daily to remove plaque… plaque and tartar can absorb stains and make teeth look dark around the gum line. Avoid whitening toothpaste, however. It is too hard on enamel.
•    Be a non-smoker. Smoking is one of the worst stain-creating factors there is. Smoke stains quickly and is difficult to remove too.

If you do experience your teeth re-staining, it is considered normal. Most people will need touch-up treatments from time to time to keep teeth white. Depending on the type of whitening treatment used and amount of exposure to new staining, you may need a touch-up every few months or every year or two. Smoking or drinking lots of stain-causing beverages will create the need for more frequent touch-ups. We offer several different types of whiting treatment at Mall of Georgia Dentistry: in-office, custom-tray home kits, and strips. We love to help you keep your smile white and bright!

 

 
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